Links and Resources

Watch this section for new resources and links to understanding mining in Ontario.

Ontario Law and Administration

Hart, Ramsey and Dawn Hoogeveen, Mining Watch Canada. Introduction to the Legal Framework for Mining in Canada.

Kuyek, Joan. Unearthing Justice: How to Protect your Community from the Mining Industry. E-book available from the publisher.

Ontario Mining Act.

Ecojustice and Canadian Institute of Environmental Law and Policy. Balancing Needs Minimizing conflict: a proposal for a mining Modernization Act, 2008.  model legislation for Mining Act amendments including a study of other jurisdictions (still relevant)

Taxation, financial assurance and finance

Natural Resources Canada. Mining Taxation in Canada

Norton Rose Fulbright, Guide to Mining Projects and Mining Finance in Canada (October 2013),

Chen, Duanjie, and Jack Mintz. “Repairing Canada’s Mining-Tax System to Be Less Distorting and Complex.” SPP Research Paper 6-18 (2013a). And Chen, Duanjie, and Jack Mintz. ” Marginal Effective Tax and Royalty Rates (METRRS) For The Mining Industry After 2013 Budget Changes are Fully Implemented.” SPP Research Paper 6-18 (2013b).

Auditor General for Ontario, Report of an Audit of the Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines, 2015. and followup Report on Mines and Minerals Program, 2017

Lack of Environmental Assessment in Ontario

MiningWatch Canada. The Big Hole. December 31, 2014.  A study calling for Environmental Assessment in Ontario.

Chetkiewicz, Cheryl and Anastasia M. Lintner. Getting It Right in Ontario’s Far North. Wildlife Conservation Society and Ecojustice. May 2104.

Aboriginal Rights and mining.

Peerla, David, No Means No.  A story of the Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug battle to protect their land.

Northern Secwepemc te Qelmucw (NStQ) Leadership Council. Mining Policy 2014.  this excellent Aboriginal Mining Policy sets out the terms of the NStQ relationship with mining companies. It was developed as a result of the many operating mines, advanced exploration projects and abandoned mines on their lands.

Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug. Water Declaration and Consultation Protocols, 2011. KI have developed a Water Declaration and Consultation Protocols to guide their dealings with Ontario, the Federal Government and private proponents of developments within their territory

Frontenac Ventures Corporation v. Ardoch Algonquin First Nation, 2008 ONCA 534 (CanLII)

Tsilhqot’in Nation v. British Columbia, Supreme Court of Canada Decision on Aboriginal title. 2014 SCC 44 (the William case)

Ross River Dena Council v. Government of Yukon, 2012 YKCA 14 (CanLII) . Significant Yukon Appeal court decision on requirement for Aboriginal consent before a claim is staked.

Regulation and enforcement

Energy and Mines Ministers Performance report 2011-2020.

Ontario Nature. Mining in Ontario: A Deeper Look, 2011.

Ontario Security Commission staff report on compliance with NI 43-101.  Shocking evidence of non-compliance of mining companies with Securities Commission rules.

Dr. Norbert R. Morgenstern (Chair), CM, AOE, FRSC, FCAE, Ph.D., P.Eng.; Mr. Steven G. Vick, M.Sc., P.E.; and, Dr. Dirk Van Zyl, Ph.D., P.E., P.Eng. Report on Mount Polley Tailings Storage Facility Breach, Independent Expert Engineering Investigation and Review Panel, Province of British Columbia, January 30, 2015.

Long Term Stewardship of Closed Mines.

Cowan, Dick and John Robertson. The Policy Framework in Canada for Mine Closure and Management of Long Term Liabilities: A Guidance Document. 2010.  National Orphaned and Abandoned Mines Initiative

Kuyek, Joan. The Theory and Practice of Perpetual Care of Contaminated Sites: a literature review and case studies. Alternatives North, 2012.

Affolder, Natasha, Katy Allen and Sascha Paruk. Independent Environmental Oversight: A Report for the Giant Mine Remediation Environmental Assessment. February 2011